In 1869, Lake View’s founders used horticulture as an integral part of their cemetery planning process. In doing so, they created a showcase of trees and shrubbery, cultivated for scientific, ornamental and educational purposes – an arboretum in every aspect of the word.
Moses Cleaveland Trees
Commemoration of the Bicentennial of Cleveland’s founding included a botanical survey to designate any tree calculated to have been present when Moses Cleaveland landed on the shore of the Cuyahoga River. Four specimens are located on the grounds of Lake View and can White Oak – Quercus Albabe readily seen. The white oak (Quercus alba) is distinguished by its long out stretched branches near the southeast bend of Section 8. The grand Tuliptree (Liriodendron tulipifera), in Section 6, is easy to spot with its enormous root flare and distinctively tall height. This specimen is best appreciated when one stands at Grand Tulip Tree Liriodendron Tulipiferathe base of the tree and gazes straight upward. Section 6 is located between Wade Chapel and the Rockefeller monument. The last two specimens are located near each other on the shaded northeast side of Section 1. An American beech (Fagus grandiflora) and second Tuliptree stand side by side with an extended height and slenderness unbecoming of 200-year old plus trees. The beech appears healthy and free of beech bark disease and structurally sound with no evident cavities which can be rare for an American beech. The tuliptree stands equally as tall and healthy as the beech.
Ginkgo biloba ‘Lake View’
When looking at the distinctive pronounced buds on the many Gingko trees planted in Lake View during the dormant season or the telltale bisected leaves during the growing season, take note of the column like form of some of the trees. Certain Ginkgo specimens hold a tight, apical dominance to create this column-shaped growth. True to a cultivated variety, tip cuttings will grow in the columnar form when they are rooted or grafted to generate a new tree.
State Champion Trees
Quercus Prinus-Chestnut Oak Specimens of this oak can be seen abundantly around Lake View so it stands to good reason that a state champion specimen would exist on the grounds. This specimen is growing in Section 10, near the road across from Section 19 close to the Wick family monument. Our specimen measures at a circumference of 139”DBH (Diameter Breast Height), 116 feet in height and has a crown width of 95 feet giving it a total of 279 points. This specimen appears equivalent in diameter to a similar specimen lost during 2008 in Section 24 which counted to 130-years.
Magnolia Virginiana-Sweetbay Magnolia This magnolia is exceptional in girth and readily strikes one as being among the largest Sweetbay magnolias in the U.S. This specimen grows on the west side of Section 23 in a hedgerow of trees with adequate space to display its size. Looking south into the horseshoe shaped arrangement of trees by Section 21, one can see this champion on the right side behind the Geo. H. Worthington monument.
Japanese Maple Collection
The variability and stateliness of the Japanese maple (Acer palmatum) makes it one of the more in-demand plants for the residential landscape. Japanese maples have long been a focal landscape plant at Lake View. Practically every form can be seen somewhere on the grounds, whether it is an Upright form maturing to approximately 20-feet in height or Dissectum (laceleaf types) that mostly display a weeping shrub-like habit and matures to a 5-foot height. Linearilobum or bamboo-leaf types, tend to be semi-dwarf specimens that can grow to 12-feet. Dwarf types may be laterally spreading, globular shaped or slow growing upright types that mature at 3 to 12-feet. Variegates have multiple colored leaves and are usually semi-dwarf in form.
Weeping Canadian Hemlock
Weeping HemlockTwo grand specimens of Tsuga canadensis ‘Sargentii’ include a smaller example in Section 9 near the Hanna Mausoleum along Edgehill Road. Located in Section 3 across from Daffodil Hill, this weeping Canadian hemlock was considered to be the largest specimen in the United States until the large branch on the right side failed under the snow weight during the 1996 snowstorm. Despite missing a lower limb, this specimen is still one of the largest weeping Canadian hemlocks to be seen.